I have my x carve up and running, and have had for a while now.
However, I wanted to calibrate it. And I used the method with the ruler and then moving the spindle.
I measured it out and calculated my steps per mm and it was spot on.
However when I cut a test piece, it’s a bit off the specification.
If I use this to calculate the steps per mm, I can get excellent cuts. However now its overshooting if I check the steps via the ruler method. Is this acceptable ? Or should I dig deeper for a more serious issue?
Consider the spindle have no sideways load when you just use a ruler to measure, when you are cutting the tool have sideways forces applied to is and this may cause deflection. So I presume your carved piece is slightly undersized? By how much?
However if this is due to the forces alllied from cutting, wouldn’t that mean that is a variable changing from each cut to cut? I mean the forces might be bigger if I cut oak, or aluminum and therefore resulting in a wrong cut?
New belts will stretch out after a few days, so you may need to re-tighten your belts - this is normal.
Triple check your pulleys. A little bit of “wiggle” can result in a backlash errors that will manifest as things being just a little “off” (Ridges too thin, holes too big)
I use a longest ruler I can over the longest distance, then re-check it with shorter intervals.
I HIGLY recommend you invest in a pair of digital calipers, they will make your life so much easier. I recently saw some in the ruler section at Lowe’s or you can get them on line.
Then use them to measure your bits. One major culprit for inaccurate cuts after you have calibrated your steps is incorrect bit size. Many “1/4” bits purchased on-line are actually 6mm and not 6.35mm. So measure your bit so you have the correct diameter to enter into your CAD program.
Yes, but you would normally adjust cutting speed/depth per pass according to material so the sideways load will remain reasonable similar. Getting your machine properly tuned is a process that do take time, because materials settle/need readjustments to stay tuned etc. Finding your system sweet spot regarding optimum cut rate is also part of this.
End mill run out is also mentioned and may be a major factor of your size discrepancy.
Hello friend …I checked again about microstepping and now I can explain you my actual problem. I am using Arduno Uno with protneer CNC shield version 3.5 .Earlier I was using DRV 4988 stepper driver that had heating problem even at that time it was making 4 times moovement then I replace the driver with TB 6560 .The problem comes here ,the TB6560 has manual switch to change microstepping.Now on 1/16 step its making half of the given size .The jumper setting on CNC sheild are fixed for 1/8 microstepping… do I need to change jumper setting on CNC sheild to 1/16 microstepping?